Method of Grand Jury before extradition
A Grand Jury is not a secret trial. The Grand Jury provides a constitutional protection for defendants
in the U.S. system. The Fifth Amendment of the Constitution requires that anyone charged with a felony
violation must be indicted (not tried) by a Grand Jury, and its proceedings are secret in order to protect
both witnesses and the reputation of the accused. The Grand Jury issues indictments, allowing prosecutors to make an arrest, after reviewing the prosecutor’s presentation of the evidence. For all these reasons, the person charged is often not represented and often is unaware of the investigation, regardless of where the person resides. Also The Grand Jury is a check on the power of the prosecutor, to ensure that there is sufficient evidence to support the proposed charges before a prosecutor can file those charges or request an extradition.